For right-handed players the pandeiro is held in the left hand
using thumb and middle finger to muffle the sound. The pandeiro
should be kept in an horizontal position. Fingers, thumb and heel
of the right hand are used to play the strokes.
With the thumb of the right hand extended strike hardly the
head about 2 inches from the rim and let the thumb rebound off the
head to have a tone sustained. Use forearm and wrist and keep them
relaxed while playing.
The stroke can be either "open" or "closed"
depending on your left hand (see images below).
Strike the pandeiro with the first, second, third finger tips
in the upper right of the head to produce a sharp sound. Use a wrist
motion from the Thumb Stroke above.
From the Finger Tips Stroke rock the hand downward and strike
the head with the heel of the hand.
The right hand simply slaps the head with the full flat hand
obtaining a sharp sound with no ring.
The middle finger of the left hand is used to control
open and closed tones.
open tones keep the middle finger off the head allowing the head
to produce a sound.
closed tones touch the head with your left hand middle finger to
obtain a muffled sound.
The thumb of the left hand can also be used to mute
and release from the top of the head.
To view key notation click