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The Tamborim is a single-headed small drum (about 6") very similar to a tombourine but with no jingles.

Is held with the left hand with the thumb across the ring and the other fingers curled inside the body of the instrument to support and balance it.
The forefinger is used to muffled the sound from inside (open/closed tone) during rhythmic syncopation.

Strike slightly off center using a thin stick with short and powerful strokes for best high pitch sound. 

A playing technique called virado is often used, in which the drum is flipped upside-down in the middle of the pattern, which produces one note that is slightly delayed, giving the samba its characteristic lilt.

The instrument may also occasionally be struck on the rim. Tamborim players alternate between the carreteiro, the main groove pattern, and other signature phrases which are easily distinguished above the other percussion instruments.

The tamborim is used in many genres of Brazilian music. It is most commonly associated with samba and pagode, but is also used in chorinho, bossa nova, and some northeastern folklore rhythms such as cucumbi.

In most musical styles, the tamborim is played with a small wooden drumstick. In samba-batucada, it is played with a beater made of several flexible nylon or polyacetal threads bound together. On rare occasions, it may be played with the fingers.

Basic technique

The following rhythms are ment as second part rhythms to played TOGETHER with the basic tamborim rhythm. The rhythms are written in 3-2 clave:

Basic technique

Latin Percussion LP3006 LP Brazilian Wood Tamborim
Latin Percussion

Product Dimensions: 2.4 x 1.9 x 2.5 inches
Perfect for samba or pagode, the LP tunable tamborim provides authentic Brazilian sound with high, sharp timbre and minimal sustain. Its smooth inner shell provides extra comfort. ...

Meinl Percussion TBR06ABS-GR ABS Plastic 6-Inch Floatune Tamborim with Synthetic Head, Green

Product Dimensions: 2 x 6.7 x 6.7 inches
Tamborims are played with a plastic stick while one hand changes the pitch of the drum. It has a bright, loud, and cutting sound. ...